Woelk, G., Daniels, K., Cliff4, J., Lewin, S., Sevene, E., Fernandes, B., Mariano, A., Matinhure, S., Oxman, A.D., Lavis, J.N., & Lundborg, C.S. (2010). “Translating research into policy: lessons learned from eclampsia treatment and malaria control in three southern African countries.” Health research policy and system, (7)31. Retrieved from: http://www.health-policy-systems.com/content/7/1/31.
The evidence-based medicine approach, which focused initially on clinical decision-making, has more recently been extended to policy and management decisions, where it is sometimes referred to as ‘evidence-based’ or ‘evidence-informed’ policy making. Increasingly, the use of global research evidence is being seen as a key component of policy making processes and it has been suggested widely that health goals are more likely to be achieved by policies that are informed by rigorous research evidence. The evidence-informed policy making approach suggests that research evidence from the evaluation of health care interventions, particularly evidence from systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), is the most robust form of evidence for informing policy decisions about the allocation of resources to services or programmes as well as decisions on how to deliver and finance these services. However, there is still uncertainty about how research evidence is used by policy makers and how best to ensure that available knowledge is translated into policies and actions.